How to Start Poultry Farm
The Gambia is a country with virgin business industry. Most of the goods and services in The Gambia are imported. Therefore, almost any business you start has the potential to succeed. You only need to have the dedication to succeed and execute it well.
The Gambia has a high level of demand for poultry products which is increasing daily. So, there is a lot of scope for the fast growth of your poultry farm with less competition provided you follow some basics of the business. Your return on investment will be quick.
Are you thinking about how to start a chicken farm? You don’t need to worry. We have talked to many poultry farmers in The Gambia and here are some detailed guidelines from them that you will need to follow to run a successful poultry farm in the Gambia.
1. Choose Your Poultry Sector
Poultry farming is a wide industry. Basically, there are two types of farming you can choose from – broilers and layers. Broilers are chicken that you raise for meat. Layers are chicken that you raise for eggs. Then, there is the business of incubating eggs and raising chicks.
Usually chicken farming business operates in multiple sectors. So, decide if you want to operate in all sectors or you want to restrict your business to just one or two sectors of your choice especially in the beginning.
Following are the niches you can choose from.
- Meat production (Broilers breeding)
- Egg production (Layers breeding)
- Poultry feed production
- Chicken breeding (Hatchery)
- Egg and meat processing
2. Choose The Type Of Bird
Poultry farm owners rear many types of birds. Your small poultry farm may start by focusing on two to three birds and then include more birds later as the business grows. Mostly, poultry farms raise birds such as domestic fowl or chicken as broilers and layers, duck, goose, quail, guinea fowl, turkey, pigeon, and peacock.
You should also determine whether to rear broilers or layers. This is basically the choice to start farming for meat production or egg production.
3. Set Farm Location
You should think of setting your poultry farm at the most appropriate location. It is important that the location has all the necessary facilities. Try to build your poultry farm a little away from the town so that you can have the land and labor at a cheaper cost.
However, setting up the farm too far away from the nearest town will be a mistake. Remember that you need to approach a town more often to target your consumers Moreover, a location too away from the city may cost you more on transportation.
4. Get Financial Help
You may not be having much money at hand when starting your own farm. But setting up a poultry farm needs sufficient funding. You will be buying a lot of equipment such as feeders, drinkers, perches, lighting system, incubators, heaters or brooders, and many more. Most importantly, you need a huge amount of funds to purchase land. You will put facilities to enhance your productivity.
Moreover, you require funds also to pay salaries of your staff/laborers. So, analyse your financial requirements. Then, apply for a bank loan or try some other sources of financing your farming business.
5. Spread A Word For Your Farm
You meet many people on daily basis. Tell them about your plans to start your own poultry business. Start from talking to your friends and neighbors. Visit events related to poultry farming and try to make friends with as many people as you can. You may meet some of your potential clients. Make all of them aware of your farming plans and take their advice.
When you contact people and clients, present your business card to them. This is a professional way to introduce your business. The business card design must include your contact details like your phone number, fax number, and website address. They will keep your card and many of them will contact you whenever they need your poultry products. They will remember your poultry business whenever they will have a requirement.
6. Hire someone who knows the Job
Many aspects of poultry farming are such that they should be handled only by experienced people who know the nuances very well. So, hire only professionals who have many years of experience in the farming. But farming is not labor intensive, if you can involve technology.
However, you will also need an administrative officer or manager to keep a close eye on your day to day affairs of the business. Hire a manager who can double as your account also to save cost on staffing.
7. Publish your business on the Internet
Most of your potential clients search and shop poultry products online. If your clients are looking for poultry farms around a town, they will first use search engines to locate such businesses. If your farm is not on the web, you are missing on a plethora of business opportunities. Therefore, make it a point to have a dedicated website for your poultry business.
When users visit your poultry website, it should make a positive impact on them by its elements of colors, typeface, images, and relevant information. Create a website design that is easily navigational, loadable, and user-friendly.
8. Market Your Farm Products
When starting your poultry business, one of the significant things to keep in mind is the aspect of marketing. Without having a marketing plan, it is hard to achieve your business goals. To market your products, make sure that you have properly analysed the demand and supply situation for your products in your niche market. Know your target consumer also to pinpoint consumer profile.
You should then adopt cheaper means of reaching to your consumers. For example, create and distribute flyers, which are one of the cheapest means of marketing your poultry products to the masses. A creative flyer design will draw attention of the recipients immediately and many of them will think of buying your farm products.
To summarize the point above, your poultry farm business can thrive if you take the right steps from the beginning. Pick the right poultry sector that you are interested in, choose the type of birds you want to rear, find a perfect location for your farm, get sufficient funds, hire a manager and staff, and market your products.
Here are few poultry farms that you can interact with in the Gambia to help you get started.
Allahtentu Quality Poultry Farm – Tel/Whatsapp:
More contacts comming soon…